Not All Moisturizers are Made the Same
Finding the right moisturizer can be a source of great confusion. There are so many options with an endless number of possible ingredients and endorsements. This short guide is meant to help you sort through the noise so that you feel comfortable knowing that you are buying the best moisturizer for you.
What Moisturizers DoThe basic goal of a moisturizer is to help your skin stay soft and young looking. According to the University of Tennessee Medical Center: The most important times to use moisturizer are after a bath, shave or exfoliation. For some, this might be twice a day. Moisturizing after a shower is very important because hot water strips all the moisture and oils out of your skin, leaving it parched and dry. While hot water may be relaxing, it also wreaks havoc on your skin. Never skip the moisturizer.
Moisturizing Helps Skin Stay Young- The skin on your face, ears, neck and chest are very sensitive to environmental changes and are the most common areas of the body known to develop skin cancer. These areas of skin also shed cells more rapidly than other parts of the body and therefore need moisture to repair themselves, which allows for younger skin cells to rise to the surface. Also, the massaging effect that is used when applying lotion helps stimulate blood circulation and new cell generation.
Moisturizing Reduces Skin Problems- Moisturizing everyday can reduce the chance of developing extreme dryness or oiliness. Both extremes are harmful for skin and cause common skin conditions like acne.
Conceals Other Skin Blemishes- Using a daily moisturizer ensures that the skin's blemishes are camouflaged. That is because moisturizing tends to make the skin have a slight sheen, and those with any tint or self-tanner even out different skin tones.
Emollients vs Humectants
How different moisturizers work to accomplish these goals depends on how they are made. Generally speaking they are built around either using an emollient or a humectant. Emollients are actually used to soften and soothe the skin's scales, making it smoother and reducing its roughness and flaking. Keep in mind that the skin completely regenerates itself approximately every 27 days, so it is natural for you to lose skin cells. Emollients are considered occlusive, which means that they add a layer onto your skin that helps to prevent evaporation of water from the skin. Emollients are found in silicone, oils, butters, some alcohols, and petroleum based products. Humectants, on the other hand, bond with water molecules to retain and attract more water into the skin. They attract the water from either the environment or from the outer layer of skin, preventing evaporation. Glycerin is one of the most effective humectants known and can be found in many excellent moisturizers, including Calysta Labs Revitalizing Moisturizer. Other humectants that are used in skincare products include sugars, proteins and acids.